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Archive for April, 2011

“I’m an introvert…I love being by myself, love being outdoors, love taking a long walk with my dogs and looking at the trees,flowers,the sky.” — Audrey Hepburn

 

How to live a quiet life in a noisy world


synapses

 

For first time ever, study proves common genetic roots for autism, epilepsy

Published: Saturday, Apr 9, 2011, 16:42 IST
Place: Washington, DC | Agency: ANI

A team of researchers from the CHUM Research Centre (CRCHUM) has for the first time ever identified a new gene that predisposes people to both autism and epilepsy.


Led by the neurologist Patrick Cossette, the research team found a severe mutation of the synapsin gene (SYN1) in all members of a large French-Canadian family suffering from epilepsy, including individuals on the autism spectrum.


This study also includes an analysis of two cohorts of individuals from Quebec, which made it possible to identify other mutations in the SYN1 gene among 1% and 3.5% of those with autism and epilepsy, while several carriers of the SYN1 mutation displayed symptoms of both disorders.


“The results show for the first time the role of the SYN1 gene in autism, in addition to epilepsy, and strengthen the hypothesis that a deregulation of the function of synapse because of this mutation is the cause of both conditions,” noted Cossette, who is also a professor with the Faculty of Medicine at the Université de Montreal.


Until now, no other genetic study of humans has made this demonstration,” he added.


The different forms of autism are often genetic in origin and nearly a third of people with autism also suffer from epilepsy. The reason for this comorbidity is unknown.


The synapsin gene plays are crucial role in the development of the membrane surrounding neurotransmitters, also referred to as synaptic vesicles. These neurotransmitters ensure communication between neurons.


Although mutations in other genes involved in the development of synapses (the functional junction between two neurons) have previously been identified, this mechanism has never been proved in epilepsy in humans until the present study.


The results of the study were published in the latest online edition of Human Molecular Genetics.


Source: http://www.dnaindia.com/scitech/report_for-first-time-ever-study-proves-common-genetic-roots-for-autism-epilepsy_1530065


Gene linked to severity of autism found


ANI, Apr 8, 2011, 11.47am IST

Johns Hopkins scientists have identified a gene associated with autism that appears to be linked very specifically to the severity of social interaction deficits.


The gene, GRIP1 (glutamate receptor interacting protein 1), is a blueprint for a traffic-directing protein at synapses — those specialized contact points between brain cells across which chemical signals flow.


Identified more than a decade ago by Richard L. Huganir, professor and director of the Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, GRIP1 regulates how fast receptors travel to a cell’s surface, where they are activated by a brain-signaling chemical called glutamate, allowing neurons to communicate with one another.


The new study, which tracked two versions of GRIP1 in the genomes of 480 people with autism, and lends support to a prevailing theory that autism spectrum disorders (ASD), molecularly speaking, reflect an imbalance between inhibitory and excitatory signaling at synapses.


Using 10 mice genetically engineered to lack both normal and mutant GRIP proteins, researchers watched what happened when each animal was put into a box where it could choose between spending time with a mouse it hadn’t encountered before, or an inanimate object. They compared the behaviors of these mice with 10 normal mice put into the same social situation. Mice lacking both GRIP1 and GRIP2 spent twice as much time as wild-type (normal) mice interacting with other mice as they did with inanimate objects.


“These results support a role for GRIP1 in social behavior and implicate its variants in modulating autistic behavior,” Wang said.


Finally, the team looked at the behavioural analyses of individuals in two families, each with two autistic brothers, and correlated their scores on standard diagnostic tests that assessed social interaction with their genotypes for GRIP1 variants.


In one family, the brother with two copies of the GRIP1 mutant variety scored lower on social interaction tests than his brother who had only one copy of the GRIP1 variant. The boys’ mother, although not diagnosed as autistic, had a history of restricted interests, poor eye contact and repetitive behavior. Tests showed she also carried one copy of the variant.


In a second family, the autistic brother with one copy of the GRIP1 variant had lower social interaction scores than his autistic sibling without a GRIP1 variant.


Because the GRIP1 gene resides in synapses where other genes also implicated in autism have been found, this location is potentially important in terms of clinical relevance, said Huganir.


The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Source: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-04-08/health/29396520_1_mice-variant-social-interaction



Rialto Canal, Venice

 

HEADLINES

Bleach death: Mother jailed for seven years”:

Murder trial begins for Salem, Mass., mother charged in attempted murder of autistic son”:

Autistic teen dies after confrontation”:

Girls jailed over hot iron torture of woman, 26”:

Stepfather forced boy, 11, to go to bed in straitjacket and shackles ‘to help him sleep”:

Stepfather jailed after forcing boy, 11, to sleep in straitjacket”:

Kate Harper admonished after abandoning child in cold”:

Former Appleton teacher Mary Berglund charged with child abuse”:

Crews to continue searching for missing autistic boy near Montreal”:

School bus driver arrested after sending over 1,000 texts while driving”:

Pound Ridge parents of autistic teens arrested over extremely unsanitary conditions”:

ACTION ALERT: Tell CDC “No” on Abuse-Enabling “Wandering” Code”:

NAS: Latest news on Adult Autism Strategy”:

Children and young people in South London could be hit by Mental Health Services being axed, says Unite”:

How have the cuts affected disability services?”:

Patients spend ‘too long in secure mental health units”:

Adam Ant asks David Cameron for mental health talks”:

NAS supports The Autism Show at ExCeL London”:

ReWalk Exoskeleton “Walking device set to change lives … A revolutionary new bionic walking device, that has been shown in the UK for the first time, is set to change the lives of many wheelchair users who may have given up hope of ever walking again.”:

Scientists grow new retinas in lab prompting hope for blindness cure”:

HEALTH & RESEARCH

Autistic brains ‘organised differently’ say scientists”:

Evidence lacking for most autism treatments”:

Nerves that help people recognize faces function poorly in those on the autism spectrum: researchers”:

Social Anxiety: Sweaty work in the hunt for the brain basis of social anxiety/Misreading faces tied to child social anxiety”:

Social rejection hurts like physical pain”:

Study looks at treating OCD via Skype”:

Latest Depression Research: Teens Who Choose Music Over Books Likely To Be Depressed, Facebook Depression, Are Rich People More Depressed?, Diet Coke, Tai Chi, Mancession & Male Depression & More …”:

Hope for Depression”:

Novel depression study could help revolutionize treatment of depressed patients”:

Anti-depressant stroke risk”:

Genetic link to suicide attempts”:

Exercise lessens anxiety in the short run”:

Heart Health: Increased cardiac risk linked to occasional exertion, sex”:

Study suggests a relationship between migraine headaches in children and a common heart defect”:

Loss & Grieving: Losing a parent can be fatal”:

Calendrical Influences on Mood “This column will change your life: The emotional calendar”:

Your brain on Omega-3”:

How marijuana affects the way the brain processes emotional information”:

Tapping into drinking facts for Alcohol Awareness Month”:

Identification of gene involved in predisposition to alcohol consumption”:

Study: Bipolar parents raise highly creative kids”:

Schizophrenia: Ricky’s Story”:

Studies ID key predictors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder”:

The Lingering Psychological Impact of the Disaster in Japan”:

Anorexia, Bulimia and Older Women”:

Ethnic Minorities are Silent Sufferers of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome”:

BPS Research Digest: The Special Issue Spotter”:

The Surprising History of the Lobotomy”:

Does the internet make you happy? Thoughts from SxSW”:

Beware the rush from all-nighters”:

Pessimism vs Optimism”:

Free Webinar on Social Media and Relationships, April 4”:

Affectionate communication can help ease emotional disconnect”:

Relationships: 5 Top Skills To Entice Love & Respect, What Defensiveness Means in a Couple Relationship, Intimacy, Learning to Trust, The Internet & Its Effect On Marriage, Newlyweds, Revelation That Husband Is Gay, Successful Marriages & More …”:

Virtual Hospital”:

EDUCATION

Proposals to provide parents with more power to make decisions over special needs education have been labelled “ridiculous”:

Parents of Staten Island youngsters with Asperger’s Syndrome fight for smooth transition for graduates”:

China Focus: Visit to Beijing school reveals hardships of autism education”:

Genius at Work: 12-year-old is studying at IUPUI”:

NAS: Heather is Wales’ Learner of the Year”:

EMPLOYMENT

NAS opposes changes to WCA in Parliament”:

Raleigh company provides free online tools for autistic job-hunters”:

Employment: Stressed Out Working From Home?, Loss of Job Can Cause Premature Death In Men, Psychological Impact Of Being Out Of Work”:

Managers Beware: Do everything you can to help your employees start the day in a good mood”:

Asperger Informatik AG “Professionelles Webdesign und Software Testing in Zurich”:

Creative Support Ltd”:

Autelligent Laboratories
We believe all people have a contribution to make and deserve an opportunity to be productive.
With your caring and excellent help, we are creating jobs for the 40 million people worldwide who are diagnosed with Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Today less than one in five of us are currently employed. We are motivated and competent and we deserve equal employment. Help make this a reality.
Autelligent Laboratories is dedicated to creating a space where autistic software engineers can more than contribute, we can excel.”:

Luxury Quality Scented Candles “Humbolt Candles – Autism & Disability Employment Company”:

Auties.org”:
Individuality, Diversity, Equality, Achievement
Auties..org is an Aspie & Autie friendly site for all people on the Autistic Spectrum who are ready to dare reach out to occupation and employment, open the doors to the community and market their abilities directly to the public and for those interested in supporting these pioneers.

Prospects”:

AutismJobs”:
Linking job seekers with vacancies in work related to autism, Aspergers and ASDs

Employment within the NAS”:

For further employment information, please view”:

GENERAL/HUMAN INTEREST

Phillips: Raising son with Downs syndrome, autism, is a joy”:

Kid hits web with some questions for Einstein”:

Gainesville student shares his love of locomotion to give children a smile”:

Boy Scout shoots for highest rank”:

Thriving with autism: Choose laughter”:

Despite Charlie Sheen saga, mental illness still isn’t funny”:

Blind journalist hits her disability for six”:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12810545

EASTER

Enchanted Learning Easter & Spring Crafts”:

Kaboose Easter Crafts for Kids”:

Activity Village Easter Crafts for Kids”:

Family Fun Website: Kids’ Easter Crafts”:

 

Easter Around the World”:

Best Ever Easter Recipes”:

Easter Recipes for Children”:

Easter Recipes”:


ADD/ADD

New Book “Learning to Slow Down and Pay Attention”:

How is ADD/ADHD diagnosed?”:

Treatment clinic for adult ADHD in Wollongong”:

ADD/ADHD class cautions that stimulant meds may be related to heart disease”:

Adults with ADD more creative: Study”:

Helping kids with learning disabilities build listening skills”:

Video games for ADD treatment”:

ADHD affects women differently”:

Making a difference”:

UIC runs summer camp for kids with ADHD and others”:

Watch will help those with ADHD focus”:

FDA Advisory Hearings: Food dyes & ADHD”:

ADHD Facts, Symptoms”:

Strengths-based assessment”:

ADHD diagnosis and treatment evolve with Neuroscience in SF”:

ADRES “Adverse Drug Reaction Electronic System(Adverse Drug Reactions Website)”- This website provides patients, doctors, and other medical professionals with a comprehensive examination of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), side effects, and other safety information for both prescription and over-the-counter medications.. Our goal is to allow users of our website make informed decisions when taking (patients) or prescribing (doctors) drugs. We are providing unmatched information and analysis tools.

adders.org”:
Our objective is to promote awareness to AD/HD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) and to provide information and as much free practical help as we can to those affected by the condition, both adults and children, their families in the UK and around the World via this website.

ADDISS” The National Attention Deficit Disorder Information and Support Service…

ADDA”:

hi2u ADHD Pages”:

CHADD”:

MUSIC

Christopher’s song pitch perfect at Verizon Arena”:

Video: Autistic and blind boy singer inspires thousands on YouTube”:

Introducing the autistic saxophone player”:

American Idol contestant has Asperger’s and Tourettes”:

Music4ASD”:

The AutisMusic Project”:

ART

Celebrate Uniqueness: Steven Wiltshire”:

James Frye: Teen finding own voice in art”:

Artist’s story goes national”:

Part 2 of 3-part art exhibit goes up”:

GLIMPSE – the talents of the autism community
They are painters, sculptors and photographers; poets and storytellers; musicians and creators of amazing video games. They are kids, teens and adults. Last year, a new online publication arose to celebrate the talents of autistic individuals and other developmental disabilities: GLIMPSE, offered by ICDL (The Interdisciplinary Council of Developmental and Learning Disorders). In late 2008, Volume 2 of GLIMPSE was released, and was expanded into a print book and notecards. The works are serious, humourous, deeply personal and illuminating. See it for yourself, share it with others, submit your own/your child’s work for inclusion in Volume 3, to release later this year. Find information and ordering details at www.icdl.com

Artisancam: an award winning interactive website that gives an insight into the lives of contemporary visual artists(aimed at school-aged children, parents/teachers)”:

ARTROOM ………where under 17s can make and display art online”:

MOVIES/ENTERTAINMENT

NAS welcomes FILMCLUB autism season”:

The Jerusalem Post: True emotion flows in ‘The Flood”:

Mary, Max” for 15-and-up”:

Will Asperger’s or colitis win ‘Idol’ contestants new fans?”:

Actors for Autism”:
http://www.actorsforautism.com/

BOOKS

Will Hadcroft: Doctor Who – The Chattath Factor Completed”:

Jane Meyerding: Mapping Charlie”:

Point to Happy: Book gives young autistic children a way to express themselves”:

Understanding Autism For Dummies”
Temple Grandin, Stephen Shore, Linda G. Rastelli

Asperger’s on the Job: Must-have Advice for People with Asperger’s or High Functioning Autism, and their Employers, Educators, and Advocates”
Rudy Simone
Foreword by Temple Grandin

The Complete Guide to Asperger’s Syndrome”
Tony Attwood

Practical Solutions for Stabilizing Students with Classic Autism to Be Ready to Learn: Getting to Go!”
By Judy Endow, MSW

Outsmarting Explosive Behavior: A Visual System of Support and Intervention for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders”
By Judy Endow, MSW

Born on the Wrong Planet”
By Erika Hammerschmidt

Running on Dreams”
Eric Hoffer Award Winner, Young Adult Category(2010)
By Herb Heiman

Al Capone Does My Shirts (11-18 years)”
By Gennifer Choldenko

104 Activities That Build: Self-Esteem, Teamwork, Communication, Anger Management, Self-Discovery, and Coping Skills”
By Alanna Jones

Making Visual Supports Work in the Home and Community: Individuals with Autism and Asperger Syndrome”
By Brenda Smith Myles, Ph.D. And Jennifer Savner, M.S.

“A Beginner’s Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorders: Essential information for Parents and Professionals”
Paul G. Taylor

“Embracing Asperger’s: A Primer for Parents and Professionals”
Richard Bromfield, PhD

“How Everyone on the Autism Spectrum, Young and Old, can …: become Resilient, be more Optimistic, enjoy Humor, be Kind, and increase Self-Efficacy – A Positive Psychology Approach”
June Groden, Ayelet Kantor, Cooper R. Woodard and Lewis P. Lipsitt

“Social Skills, Emotional Growth and Drama Therapy: Inspiring Connection on the Autism Spectrum”
Lee R. Chasen
Foreword by Robert J. Landy

Take Care,
Julie
Sunflowers, Italy


Mapping Charlie

 

The murder of a man she didn’t even know changed the landscape of Kay’s life. For the police and the murder victim’s partner, it was the neurological landscape of Kay’s mind that proved a challenge. Seattle provides the backdrop for this story of two people working together despite their differences, finding the way to solve the mystery and live with Charlie’s death.


Available at lulu.com (as paperback or pdf download) and Amazon.com

 

 

 

“A main character in the book is an autistic and faceblind woman. This
is not a profit-making venture. What I want the book to do is be part of the

increase in authentic (individual, unique) autistic characters out there in the
literary culture.” Jane Meyerding

http://www.planetautism.com/jane/



Working from Home

 

Stressed Out Working from Home? Join the Club


By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


I love it when I read a study that confirms what I’ve been feeling or thinking. Psych Central’s Senior New Editor Rick Nauert discussed a few days ago a new study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior that says women find it especially stressful to receive work-related communication at home, even when the phone calls or emails are within the working hours they defined.


Much more so than men.


Meaning, if the boss emails or calls a guy, even if it’s outside normal working hours, the typical male doesn’t think much of it, takes care of it, no problem. A woman? Even it happens within 9 to 5, she frets a little.


Why?


Think long and hard, even if you aren’t Catholic.


Guilt.


And here it is again … Guilt. Guilt. Guilt.


Boy do I know that feeling. Because even though my role right now is to be the breadwinner, the “man” of the family, and my husband Eric is doing the majority of the homework, shuffling to sports, parent-teacher meetings, and household stuff (well, I have to admit, I never really succeeded at cooking anything edible), that message somehow doesn’t get to my prefrontal cortex. The only message I hear is: You are their mother. They need you. You should be with them right now. You are selfish in trying to work.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/11/stressed-out-working-from-home-join-the-club/


Loss of Job Can Cause Premature Death in Men


By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on April 5, 2011


For many men, the stress of not having a job may be greater than the stress associated with employment. New research shows unemployment can hasten death among men by a striking 63 percent.


Practically, in today’s turbulent economic times, recently laid-off men may benefit from aggressive cardiovascular screening and interventions aimed at reducing risk-taking behaviors.


Dr. Eran Shor, a sociologist from McGill University, reached these conclusions by surveying existing research covering 20 million people in 15 (mainly Western) countries, over the last 40 years.


The structure of the health care system (U.S. vs. Canadian vs. UK and others) did not influence mortality rate as the correlation between unemployment and a higher risk of death was the same in all the countries.


“Until now, one of the big questions in the literature has been about whether pre-existing health conditions, such as diabetes or heart problems, or behaviors such as smoking, drinking or drug use, lead to both unemployment and a greater risk of death,” Shor said.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/04/05/loss-of-job-can-cause-premature-death-in-men/25030.html


The Psychological Impact Of Being Out Of Work


Article Date: 03 Apr 2011 – 3:00 PDT


When the unemployed complain of fighting an uphill battle to reenter the job market, believe them.

Through a series of simple experiments, researchers from UCLA and the State University of New York-Stony Brook found that out-of-work Americans face discrimination that is unrelated to their skills sets or to the conditions of departure from their previous jobs.


“We were surprised to find that, all things being equal, unemployed applicants were viewed as less competent, warm and hireable than employed individuals,” said lead researcher Geoffrey Ho, a doctoral student in human resources and organizational behavior at the UCLA Anderson School of Management. “We were also surprised to see how little the terms of departure mattered. Job candidates who said they voluntarily left a position faced the same stigma as job candidates who said they had been laid off or terminated.”


The findings will be presented at an April 10 conference on unemployment at UCLA.


Read in Full: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/221063.php



 

By Jeremy Dean


Imagine you divided everyone in the world into two psychological groups. You put all the optimists on one side and all the pessimists on the other (let’s leave the realists aside for now).


Amongst the optimists the conversation would all be about fantastic plans for the future and how things can only get better.


Meanwhile the pessimists are having what might seem to the optimists like a depressing discussion. Far from working out how to make their dreams come true, they’re worrying about all the things that might go wrong. They’re worried that even the things they have will be taken away from them by some cruel twist of fate.


To the optimists, the pessimists seem too down on everything, always just a little too keen to pour cold water on any exciting plans.


To the pessimists, though, the optimists are out of touch with reality. Can’t they see what a nasty, cruel and accident-prone world we live in? They are deluding themselves!


Which is better?


Over the years psychologists have examined many aspects of pessimism and optimism. They’ve wondered whether there are more optimists or pessimists. And they’ve tried to find out which approach is ‘better’. Naturally both camps are fascinated to see which way this one goes.


In fact there’s good news for all. There are some advantages to optimism like it seems to make people feel better about life. But there are also advantages for pessimism in that thinking the worst helps some pessimists cope better with the world.


But we should be less concerned with which is ‘better’ or which camp is larger and more interested in why people see the world in such different ways in the first place.


After all, when an extreme optimist talks to an extreme pessimist, it’s like they come from two completely different worlds. How do people come to be polarized in this way?


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/17/pessimism-vs-optimism/




Five Top Skills Proven to Entice Your Mate to Love and Respect You


By Athena Staik, Ph.D.


The science of intimate relationships has identified specific behaviors of partners that succeed in creating mutually enriching marriages.


Partners who think and act in certain ways nearly guarantee themselves love relationships in which they feel fulfilled, loved and appreciated.


First, the good news is both you and your partner are wired for love, your body’s health depends on it. Second, you are wired to release of a certain love hormone, Oxytocin, the chemical known as the “cuddle hormone,”  in response to certain behaviors.


Feeling loved and secure has everything to do with knowing how to create an Oxytocin response that makes you and your partner feel loved and secure.


What about couples that don’t currently have Oxytocin response patterns in place?


“No, problem,” says neuroscience. Because of the brain’s neural “plasticity,” a lifelong ability to grow and develop new neural circuitry, partners can learn to rewire their own and their partner’s love patterns, even late in life.


In a groundbreaking book on the subject of healing marriage relationships, “Emotional Intelligence in Couples Therapy, Dr. Brent J. Atkinson presents a tour of some of the most revolutionary findings from neuroscience and the science of intimate relationships, such as the work of Dr. Antonio Damasio on emotion and behavior and the groundbreaking work of Dr. John Gottman on “Why Marriages Succeed or Fail.”


According to Dr. Atkinson, he sums it up with five “prerequisite” groups of skills that predict relationship success. The five skill sets are as follows:


1. Partners use a ‘soft start-up’ when bringing up an issue.


A ‘soft startup’ refers to how partners communicate verbally and nonverbally, when they bring up issues, share a frustration, or express their dissatisfaction. In contrast to a ‘harsh startup,” a soft startup takes an approach that is firm yet tactful and gentle. It allows partners to express any dislikes or upsets without attacking the other’s character.


They do not sugarcoat or beat around the bush, yet avoid talking down, or making disapproving or judgmental comments, like the plague. Here are examples of a ‘soft’ and ‘harsh” startup:


Read More … http://blogs.psychcentral.com/relationships/2011/03/five-top-skills-proven-to-make-your-mate-love-and-respect-you/


What Defensiveness Means in a Couple Relationship – And the Formula to Create a Safe Haven For Your Love


By Athena Staik, Ph.D.


Recent research on the brain reminds us that all communications, regardless how they are delivered, are attempts to emotionally connect. As it turns out, we are wired for love and empathic connection.


What does it mean when you or your partner react defensively? For one, it means your brains are working the way they’re designed to work.


In Hold Me Tight, research expert on intimacy, Dr. Susan Johnson, states it makes sense scientifically that couples fight over silly things. Beneath the content of what partners say to one another in fights, each wants to be assured of their value in relation to the other.


Partners are asking three core questions that connect to both our deepest yearnings and our deepest fears as human beings:


Are you accessible when I try to reach out to you?


Will you be responsive to my needs?


Are you engaged in this relationship?


In other words, beneath the content of words spoken in fights, partners are looking for answers to questions of: Are you there for me? Are you emotionally present? Do you see, value and love me?


Read in Full: http://blogs.psychcentral.com/relationships/2011/04/what-defensiveness-means-in-your-couple-relationship/


Serotonin Seems to Skew View of Others’ Intimacy


By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 14, 2011


A new finding suggests our view of the intimacy of other couples’ relationships is influenced by the brain chemical serotonin.


University of Oxford scientists studied healthy adult volunteers and discovered that when the activity of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with mood, is low then the adult rated couples in photos as being less “intimate” and less “romantic’” than those with normal serotonin activity.


The results raise the possibility that lower serotonin activity in people with depression and other psychiatric conditions could contribute to changes in the way they perceive personal relationships.


The Medical Research Council-funded study is published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.


“Serotonin is important in social behavior, and also plays a significant role in psychological disorders such as depression,” said Professor Robert Rogers of the Department of Psychiatry at Oxford University, who led the research.


“We wanted to see whether serotonin activity influences the judgments we make about peoples’ close personal relationships.”


Problems with social relationships, and a feeling of social isolation, are a feature of depression in some people. It is possible that alterations in brain systems — such as serotonin — contribute to these difficulties by changing the way people think about relationships with partners.


Such understanding is important as supportive close relationships are known to protect against the development of mental illnesses and to promote recovery in those affected by psychiatric conditions.


The opposite is also true: dysfunctional relationships can be triggers for those at risk of these conditions.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/14/serotonin-seems-to-skew-view-of-others-intimacy/24381.html

Learning to Trust: Opening to Your Life


Elisha Goldstein, Ph.D. Updated: Mar 12th 2011


For the most part I would say many of us suffer from a massive lack of self-trust. Trust is born while we’re in the womb and during our early years of life. The more our parents attuned to us, listened to and validated how we were feeling, the more we cultivated the ability to trust ourselves and the people around us. The opposite of this may have been growing up with parents who seemed indifferent, neglecting or abandoning. When this happens it becomes difficult to trust ourselves and others. Even if you think you had a “great childhood” you may still have difficulty trusting yourself, so how do we cultivate trust?


This is where I am a big believer in learning how to cultivate a welcoming and caring relationship to the difficult parts of ourselves. For many people, it may be easy to go with the flow when we’re feeling well, but when shame, anger, sadness, or fear arises, forget about it. We’ll do all that we can to get away from it because we don’t trust that we can tolerate it.


The more we run, the more that feeling sticks around.


David Richo wrote a book called Daring to Trust and part of the book speaks to using mindfulness as a path toward learning how to Trust and believe in ourselves.  He says:


“All of us have been lied to, deceived, or let down in some way. Yet we can remain heart-centered while proceeding with caution, and we can develop the greater resilience in the face of life’s inevitable rejections and disappointments.”


Richie Davidson, PhD says resilience is the maintenance of high level of affect in the face of adversity. This means not getting swept up the in the storms of the unpleasant events of our lives.


How do we cultivate the ability to trust ourselves to do this?


Read in Full: http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=42319&cn=5


Couples May Not Communicate Better Than Strangers


By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 16, 2011


Closeness or familiarity with others is not necessarily linked to strong communication skills.


In fact, married people may think they communicate well with their partners, but psychologists have found that they don’t always convey messages to their loved ones as well as they think.


And, in some cases, the couples communicate no better than strangers.


The same communication problem also is true with close friends, a recent study has found.


“People commonly believe that they communicate better with close friends than with strangers. That closeness can lead people to overestimate how well they communicate, a phenomenon we term the ‘closeness-communication bias,’” said Boaz Keysar, Ph.D., a professor in psychology at the University of Chicago.


Keysar’s colleague Kenneth Savitsky, Ph.D., professor of psychology at Williams College, devised an experiment resembling a parlor game to study the issue. In it, two sets of couples sat in chairs with their backs to each other and tried to discern the meaning of each other’s ambiguous phrases. In all, 24 married couples participated.


The researchers used phrases common in everyday conversations to see if the spouses were better at understanding phrases from their partners than from people they did not know. The spouses consistently overestimated their ability to communicate, and did so more with their partners than with strangers.


“A wife who says to her husband, ‘it’s getting hot in here,’ as a hint for her husband to turn up the air conditioning a notch, may be surprised when he interprets her statement as a coy, amorous advance instead,” said Savitsky, who is lead author of the paper, published in the January issue of the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.


“Although speakers expected their spouse to understand them better than strangers, accuracy rates for spouses and strangers were statistically identical. This result is striking because speakers were more confident that they were understood by their spouse,” Savitsky said.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/16/couples-may-not-communicate-better-than-strangers/24414.html


Are Facebook Friends Real Friends?


By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


I don’t think I realized just how insecure I was until I joined Facebook two years ago. I thought the 12 or so years of therapy would have resulted in a more evolved woman. But here’s the truth: every time I lose a friend on Facebook I take it personally.


Yes, that is ridiculous. I know. But I still feel the blow.


I try not to remember the number of friends I have when I go to bed at night, but somehow it sticks—unlike every phone number I’ve tried to memorize. So, upon logging on to Facebook every morning, I immediately notice that I lost two friends overnight. While I was sleeping!


What especially irks me is when I lose three friends right after I post something. Now I know that it probably has nothing to do with the content of my post, but it’s the same punch in the gut that I feel when I read an unkind comment on one of my posts: “You are the most self-absorbed, clueless, bad writer I’ve ever come across…”


Maybe a stage-four people-pleaser who wants to be liked by everyone in this world should not live her life out loud for everyone to comment on or to vote as friend-worthy or not. Maybe I should become an accountant and live a secret life and stay away from all kinds of social network sites. However, I think the easier thing for me to do is to grow a thicker skin. Because I did attempt to change my career earlier this year and, while it was admittedly nice to be free from the public criticism, I felt as though I was missing out on the fun. I missed blogging. I missed Facebook. I even missed Twitter!


Clearly most people are more selective than I am when they friend folks on Facebook. A friend of mine won’t allow anyone from her high school, because she just doesn’t want to go back there. Others keep their circle of friends to only those people that they are still in touch with today, the same group that would receive a Christmas card.


Me?


I have John Paul II and Jesus among my friends!


Read More … http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/04/05/are-facebook-friends-real-friends/


Does the Internet Promote or Damage Marriage?


April 1, 2011

By Therese J. Borchard


Does Facebook lead to infidelity? Some statistics say so. I will be participating in a webinar on April 4 at 5 p.m. hosted by PBS/This Emotional Life that explores this topic. To prepare, and to get your feedback, I recently posted a blog on Psych Central about marriage and the internet. I have excerpted a few paragraphs here. You can read the whole post here.


Here’s my honest opinion, after reading hundreds of comments and emails from people who have been involved in online relationships or emotional affairs as well as the responses on the discussion boards of the Emotional Affairs support group on Beliefnet’s community site:


Although the internet and social media can foster intimacy in a marriage, it seems to do more harm than good. Of all the comments I’ve read, 90 percent of the opposite-sex relationships that were damaging to the marriage happened online.


Now I am no relationship expert. If I were I’d be able to sustain a dozen or so friendships with men online. But the only male friendships that I’ve been able to continue through the years–ones that are actually strengthened by our online dialogue–are those where there is at least 30 years difference between us. Their average age is 75. One is a priest, one an ex-priest, and one a deacon. See a pattern?


In the 15 years that I have been married, I have met a handful of men that I liked and admired, with whom I shared interests and a sense of humor. Had one or two been women, I’m sure they would have become my best friends. However, on some level, I knew that a closer bond was somehow inappropriate, or disrespectful to my marriage. It’s a source of frustration for me. Because the correspondence gave me great joy, like it does with my female friends.


But there is no getting around the opposite-sex thing … the “When Harry Met Sally” problem.


I can say that having read more than 500 descriptions of emotional affairs, both on the comboxes of my posts and on the discussion boards of the Emotional Affair support group. Most of the these relationships start out benign: an email from a guy you knew in college, friending an ex-boyfriend on Facebook (as suggested by Facebook: “people you might know!”), getting to know a co-worker better online. But the relationship can take a dangerous turn very quickly if you’re not careful, and even more easily if you are doing most of the talking behind a computer. Because you don’t have any non-verbals with which to interpret statements. What a person could very easily say over coffee comes off way wrong in an email. And what she would never say over coffee, she does in an email because she gets to hide behind her computer.


I’m not saying it’s impossible to talk to someone of the opposite sex online. I have many male acquaintances and co-workers. But I think only a minority of folks can handle an intense, intimate relationship with a person of the opposite sex without it getting in the way of marriage. And maybe the failure rate is so high among my readers because most of them suffer from depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or addictions. For those guys, it’s even harder.


Why?


Read More … http://blog.beliefnet.com/beyondblue/2011/04/does-the-internet-promote-or-damage-marriage.html


Sexual Monogamy Does Not “Lead” to Happiness


There is no solid proof that sexual promiscuity leads to unhappiness.


 

I am pleased to announce the release of the third and final part of my Fine Line Doctor Who adventure “The Chattath Factor”. It stars Joe Binks as the Doctor, Amy Elizabeth as Jenny, with John Ainsworth as Dr Joseph Winston.

As the villagers transform into monstrous creatures en masse, will the Doctor and Jenny find the solution? Is it too late to save Winston from himself?

A full cast audio adventure with sound effects and music.

Written by Will Hadcroft.
Directed and produced by Gareth Preston.

The complete story is now available to play on YouTube.
Doctor Who – The Chattath Factor Episode 1:
Episode 2:
Episode 3:


 

Teens Who Choose Music Over Books Are More Likely to Be Depressed, Study Finds


ScienceDaily (Apr. 4, 2011) — Adolescents who spend more time listening to music are far more likely to have major depressive disorder, while young people who spend more time reading books are far less likely to have such a diagnosis, according to a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study published in the April edition of the journal Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.


The findings add to the growing body of research linking emotional health to media exposure. The study was unique in that it was one of the first to measure media exposure using an intensive “real-life” methodology called ecological momentary assessment, in which the behaviors of study participants are repeatedly sampled in real time. The method is more reliable than standard surveys and helped researchers recognize this large association between exposure to music and depression, said Brian Primack, M.D., Ed.M., M.S., assistant professor of medicine and pediatrics at Pitt’s School of Medicine, who led the study.


Read in Full: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110404161817.htm

Artery Sketch

Antidepressants Linked to Thicker Arteries

 

ScienceDaily (Apr. 2, 2011) — Antidepressant use has been linked to thicker arteries, possibly contributing to the risk of heart disease and stroke, in a study of twin veterans. The data is being presented on April 5 at the American College of Cardiology meeting in New Orleans.


Depression can heighten the risk for heart disease, but the effect of antidepressant use revealed by the study is separate and independent from depression itself, says first author Amit Shah, MD, a cardiology fellow at Emory University School of Medicine. The data suggest that antidepressants may combine with depression for a negative effect on blood vessels, he says. Shah is a researcher working with Viola Vaccarino, MD, PhD, chair of the Department of Epidemiology at Emory’s Rollins School of Public Health.


The study included 513 middle-aged male twins who both served in the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. Twins are genetically the same but may be different when it comes to other risk factors such as diet, smoking and exercise, so studying them is a good way to distill out the effects of genetics, Shah says.


 

Read in Full: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110402163856.htm

Sad Lovers

Depression Dulls Sensitivity to Partner’s Thoughts, Feelings

 

By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 31, 2011


It is no surprise that researchers have discovered that depression erodes intimate relationships.


Depression breeds feelings of loneliness and withdrawal. So when your partner in a relationship is feeling depressed, it can be as though he or she is not even there.


Israeli researchers determined depression impairs the ability of a partner to accurately perceive the others’ thoughts and feelings.


Depression impairs what psychologists call “empathic accuracy.” Depression can also exacerbate alienation, depression, and the cycle by which they feed each other.


The investigators studied these dynamics in relationships, particularly the role of gender.


Their study will be published in an upcoming issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.


The study revealed a surprising dynamic: “It’s called the partner effect,” said Reuma Gadassi, lead author and a psychology graduate student at Hebrew University of Jerusalem.


“Women’s depression affects their own accuracy. But it also affected their partner’s accuracy negatively.”


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/31/depression-dulls-sensitivity-to-partners-thoughts-feelings/24857.html


Pediatrics Gets it Wrong about Facebook Depression

 

By John M Grohol PsyD
Founder & Editor-in-Chief


You know it’s not good when one of the most prestigious pediatric journals, Pediatrics, can’t differentiate between correlation and causation.


And yet this is exactly what the authors of a “clinical report” did in reporting on the impact of social media on children and teens. Especially in their discussion of “Facebook depression,” a term that the authors simply made up to describe the phenomenon observed when depressed people use social media.


Shoddy research? You bet. That’s why Pediatrics calls it a “clinical report” — because it’s at the level of a bad blog post written by people with a clear agenda. In this case, the report was written by Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe, Kathleen Clarke-Pearson and the American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Communications and Media (2011).


What makes this bad a report? Let’s just look at the issue of “Facebook depression,” their made-up term for a phenomenon that doesn’t exist.


The authors of the Pediatrics report use six citations to support their claim that social media sites like Facebook actually cause depression in children and teens. Four of the six citations are third-party news reports on research in this area. In other words, the authors couldn’t even bother with reading the actual research to see if the research actually said what the news outlet reported it said.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/28/pediatrics-gets-it-wrong-about-facebook-depression/


Depression Needs A Second Opinion


Article Date: 12 Mar 2011 – 1:00 PST


As he struggled for decades with a depression that often left him despondent, Eric Wilson never thought to get a second opinion.


“This might be true of many of us,” he said. “We feel we have more ownership of what we see as our body and physical health so, if a doctor gives me a diagnosis I don’t like, I’m likely to get a second opinion. It just wasn’t the same for mental health.”


After decades of broken relationships, multiple flirtations with suicide, and manic highs and lows, he received his final and accurate diagnosis of bipolar II mixed. This form of bipolar disorder is difficult to diagnose because its sufferers often are highly functioning and extremely productive. The highs can masquerade as general happiness. The difficulty is when the mood swings drastically and uncontrollably.


Researchers have found that as many as 69 percent of initial diagnoses of people with bipolar disorder were incorrect, underlining the importance of seeking a second opinion. With bipolar, the wrong medication can have devastating effects, plunging a patient into a deeper depression or into rapid cycles of highs and lows.


Wilson describes his journey from a dangerously moody teen to happily married father in “The Mercy of Eternity.” He credits the loving persistence of his wife and the wonder of his daughter for pushing him beyond that first incorrect diagnosis of his disease.


He is sure he would never have sought additional help on his own.


Read in Full: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/218993.php


Depression May Increase the Risk of Kidney Failure


ScienceDaily (Mar. 11, 2011) — Depression is associated with an increased risk of developing kidney failure in the future, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN). Approximately 10% of the US population will suffer from depression at some point during their lifetime.


Lead investigator, Dr. Willem Kop (Department of Medical Psychology and Neuropsychology at the University of Tilburg, the Netherlands) and colleagues studied 5,785 people from four counties across the United States for 10 years. The participants were 65 years and older and not yet on dialysis. They completed a questionnaire measuring depressive symptoms and a broad range of medical measurements, including estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and risk factors for kidney and heart diseases. The investigators examined whether depression predicted the onset of kidney disease or other medical problems in which the kidneys play a critical role.


According to the results, depression coincided with the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and was 20% more common in individuals with kidney disease than those without kidney disease. The study shows that depression predicted subsequent rapid decline in kidney function, new onset clinically severe kidney disease (or end-stage renal disease), and hospitalizations that were complicated by acute kidney injury. When the investigators corrected for the long-term effects of other medical measures, the predictive value of depression for hospitalizations with acute kidney injury remained high.


Read in Full: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110310173202.htm


History of a Suicide

History of a Suicide: An Interview with Jill Bialosky

 

By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


Today I have the pleasure of interviewing Jill Bialosky, author of the new book History of a Suicide: My Sister’s Unfinished Life, in which she brilliantly weaves together her sister’s inner life and brings an awkward but essential topic of discussion out of the shadows.


1. If you could have readers leave with one piece of truth about suicide, what would it be?


Jill: Suicide is a multi-faceted, complex event and though there may be a present catalyst that triggers it, ultimately it is a psychological drama that happens within the mind of a suicidal individual resulting from intense inner pain. This is a theory developed by Dr. Edwin Shneidman, one of the leading figures in the study of suidiology and it is the one theory that makes sense to me.


We must recognize the inner pain of someone who is suicidal as quickly as possible. One of the conundrums is that those who are suffering deeply tend to isolate themselves and disguise their inner pain to protect loved ones. We must look for warning signs and be not afraid to ask.


2. Why don’t we have the language we need to talk about suicide? How can we develop one?


Jill: Suicide is still a taboo subject. People are uncomfortable talking about it. Suicides are particularly painful for family and loved ones to process because of overwhelming feelings of shock, guilt, shame, anger and responsibility survivors of suicides experience. Suicide taps into fears about recognizing the fragility of human existence, worry and feelings of helplessness in the face of those we love who are suffering. With that said, we need to begin to raise the veil and open the dialogue.



Check out the book at Amazon.com: History of a Suicide: My Sister’s Unfinished Life.


If you’re thinking of suicide, please read this first.


Read More … http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/31/history-of-a-suicide-an-interview-with-jill-bialosky/

Wealth is of the Heart & Mind, Not The Pocket


Are Rich People More Depressed Than Poor? And Other Depression Factoids

 

By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


I taped a radio show the other day with Court Lewis of American Variety Radio in which he wanted me to cover the demographics of depression.


So here we go. Many of these stats I assembled from the book Understanding Depression by J. Raymond DePaulo Jr., MD, Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Others I picked in articles here and there.


Depression and Gender


More women are depressed than men because women have more to be depressed about than men. Kidding, of course. But I still don’t understand how our gender got stuck with labor pains and all that. Almost one in five women in the US will have one or more episodes of clinical depression, which is TWO or THREE times the rate of depressive illness that men have.


Some say the discrepancy can be attributed to all the mood-altering hormonal effects of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, childbirth, infertility, and/or contraceptives. Based on the Armageddon that happened to me around childbirth, I’d give that theory a thumbs up. That, and I have to track my menstrual cycle because I’ve been known to go off on people a day or two before my period. However, men’s depression has been crawling up to meet us lately with the recession cutting more male jobs than female jobs. Naddy naddy boo boo.


Married men have lower rates of depression than single men, but not so for married women. (I have my theories but consider myself very lucky so I won’t go into them.) Women who are married are no better off than women who are widowed, divorced, or single (never been married).


Age and Depression


Before age 13 depression is fairly uncommon in both girls and boys. The biggest factor for severe depressive illness in children appears to be genetic. Both parents of severely depressed children often have depression.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/10/are-rich-people-more-depressed-than-poor-and-other-depression-factoids/


Diet Coke and Depression


By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


When you are a recovering drunk, you don’t have a ton of options at parties. I used to be an avid Diet Coke drinker. But last summer my sister scared the, well you know what, out of me when she started talking about what aspartame can do to your system. I am chemically sensitive as it is, and many of you are, too, probably — which is why I don’t drink alcohol and gave up smoking.


But I was curious if Diet Coke was really that dangerous. I did some research, and as you well know, every paranoia will be confirmed eventually by some article on the web.


I found an article about Diet Coke on John McManamy’s website. What was particularly interesting to me was the relationship between aspartame and depression and bipolar disorder.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/14/diet-coke-and-depression/


Tai Chi Beats Back Depression in the Elderly, Study Shows


ScienceDaily (Mar. 20, 2011) — The numbers are, well, depressing: More than 2 million people age 65 and older suffer from depression, including 50 percent of those living in nursing homes. The suicide rate among white men over 85 is the highest in the country — six times the national rate.


And we’re not getting any younger. In the next 35 years, the number of Americans over 65 will double and the number of those over 85 will triple.


So the question becomes, how to help elderly depressed individuals?


Researchers at UCLA turned to a gentle, Westernized version of tai chi chih, a 2,000-year-old Chinese martial art. When they combined a weekly tai chi exercise class with a standard depression treatment for a group of depressed elderly adults, they found greater improvement in the level of depression — along with improved quality of life, better memory and cognition, and more overall energy — than among a different group in which the standard treatment was paired with a weekly health education class.


The results of the study appear in the current online edition of the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.


Read in Full: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110316131122.htm


For Teens, Acne Problems May Be More Than Skin Deep

 

By David McCracken, MA, LPC
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 16, 2011


For many teens, acne is a much bigger problem than a facial blemish. New research finds that depression and other psychological disorders may be more prevalent in adolescent acne patients.


Steve Feldman, M.D., a professor of dermatology at from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, conducted a systematic review of the published research literature to arrive at this conclusion. They found that while most teenagers consider acne to be a cosmetic problem, many others report that acne has a significant impact on their self-esteem and quality of life, often leading to anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts.


“With this study, we found that acne is more than skin deep for those aged 13 to 18,” Feldman said. “Depending on how the patient feels about it, acne can have a potentially large and negative impact on their lives or it can have a small affect.”


In a New Zealand study cited by the authors, for example, greater severity of acne correlated with more depressive symptoms. And problem acne was associated with an increase in frequency of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts.


As a result, Feldman said the presence of these psychological disorders “should be considered in the treatment of acne patients when appropriate.”


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/16/for-teens-acne-problems-may-be-more-than-skin-deep/24452.html


Depression Drugs — SSRIs — May Reorganize Brain Plasticity, New Research Suggests


ScienceDaily (Mar. 18, 2011) — Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) such as Prozac are regularly used to treat severe anxiety and depression. They work by immediately increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain and by causing long term changes in brain function. However it can take weeks of treatment before a patient feels any effect and both beneficial effects and side effects can persist after treatment is stopped.


New research published by BioMed Central’s open access journal Molecular Brain investigates physiological changes within the brain that may be caused by SSRI treatment.


The hippocampus is an area of the brain involved in long term memory and spatial awareness, and is involved in symptoms afflicting people with Alzheimer’s disease, such as loss of memory and disorientation. Neuronal cells in the hippocampus can change their activity and strength of connections throughout life, a process known as plasticity, which thought to be one of the ways new memories are formed. Altered plasticity is often associated with depression and stress.


Read in Full: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110316084425.htm


Mancession and Male Depression: Open Your Minds and Shut Your Mouths

 

By Therese J. Borchard
Associate Editor


I used to think a woman’s depression rate was two or three times that of a man’s simply because of the hormonal roller coaster she gets to ride from the time she first gets her period in junior high (or now in first grade — okay, maybe not that early) until she can stop buying sanitary items or, even better, stop making her husband buy them for her.


But now I’m not so sure.


Women are giving more weight these days to domestic tasks like raising kids and keeping the house in order than to their menstrual cycle and the biological trauma of childbirth. Because, in sync with Dr. Boadie Dunlap’s editorial in the British Journal of Psychiatry, as we switched roles in our home, the adjustment has been much more difficult than the simple plan we forecast in Quicken: my income increases, his household responsibilities increase. Easy enough?


The recession, of course, has been dubbed the “mancession” by some because about 75 percent of the jobs lost have been in industries that belong to men: construction, manufacturing, and labor. The downsizing has been further compounded by innovations in technology (less manual labor) and outsourcing to foreign countries, where labor doesn’t cost so much.


Since men derive a substantial amount of their self-esteem from their jobs, and societal norms—although gradually shifting—still dictate the man as the breadwinner, men are at increased risk for depression until the economy turns around.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/18/mancession-and-male-depression-open-your-minds-and-shut-your-mouths/


Euthymics Bioscience Initiates Triade Trial For Major Depression


Article Date: 16 Mar 2011 – 1:00 PDT


Euthymics Bioscience, Inc. announced the initiation of an advanced clinical study of its lead product candidate EB-1010 for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). The TRIADE (Triple Reuptake Inhibitor Anti-Depressant Effects) trial is a phase 2b/3a clinical trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of EB-1010, a novel serotonin-preferring triple reuptake inhibitor. The trial will be conducted at 25 centers throughout the U.S., and Euthymics plans to enroll approximately 300 individuals. Patient recruitment is now underway and top-line results are expected in mid-2012.


Read in Full: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/219200.php


Study Shows Children’s Psychiatric Symptoms Improve After Depression Remission In Mother


Article Date: 16 Mar 2011 – 2:00 PDT


Children of mothers with major depressive disorder showed improvement in their own psychiatric symptoms in the year after their mothers’ depression responded to treatment, according to a study appearing in the online edition of The American Journal of Psychiatry.


Since the children of parents with major depression are also at increased risk of a psychiatric disorder diagnosis, the relationship between maternal remission and the decrease in offspring symptoms is encouraging as it represents an improvement in a child’s future prospects, said authors of the study, published March 15 at AJP in Advance, the online advance edition of The American Journal of Psychiatry, the official journal of the American Psychiatric Association.


Read in Full: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/219242.php


Depressed Dads More Likely to Spank Kids

 

By David McCracken, MA, LPC
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 16, 2011


Difficulties with depression for new parents are usually focused on moms, but depression can also affect fathers — and make them more likely to spank children as young as 1 year old.


About 40 percent of depressed fathers in a survey said they’d spanked kids that age, versus just 13 percent of fathers who weren’t depressed.


The American Academy of Pediatrics and many child development experts warn against spanking children of any age.


The researchers said spanking is especially troubling in children who are only 1, because they could get injured and they “are unlikely to understand the connection between their behavior and subsequent punishment.”


In addition, four out of five dads had recently visited a pediatrician for their child’s routine visit — an opportunity to get help for themselves that was missed.


The authors analyzed data on 1,746 fathers from a nationally representative survey in 16 large U.S. cities, conducted in 1999-2000. Lead author Dr. Neal Davis said that was the most recent comprehensive data on the subject, and he believes it is relevant today. Depression among fathers is strongly tied to unemployment rates, which are much higher now than a decade ago, he said.


The men were questioned about depression symptoms, spanking and interactions with their 1-year-olds, but weren’t asked why they spanked or whether it resulted in physical harm.


Overall, 7 percent of dads had experienced recent major depression.


Some likely had a history of depression, but in others it was probably tied to their children’s birth, similar to postpartum depression in women, Davis said. A pediatrician now, Davis did the research while at the University of Michigan.


Read in Full: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/16/depressed-dads-more-likely-to-spank-kids/24436.html


High-Quality Follow-Up Depression Care Via Online Messaging


Article Date: 18 Mar 2011 – 0:00 PDT


Online messaging can deliver organized follow-up care for depression effectively and efficiently, according to a randomized controlled trial of 208 Group Health patients that the Journal of General Internal Medicine e-published in advance of print.

After five months, compared to the half of the patients randomly assigned to receive usual care, the half who had three online care management contacts with a trained psychiatric nurse were significantly more likely to feel less depressed, take their antidepressant medication as prescribed, and be “very satisfied” with their treatment for depression. The patients in the trial were starting antidepressant medication that their primary care providers prescribed.


Read in Full: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/219441.php





 

People with autism use their brains differently from other people, which may explain why some have extraordinary abilities to remember and draw objects in detail, according to new research.


University of Montreal scientists say in autistic people, the brain areas that deal with visual information are highly developed.


Other brain areas are less active.


The National Autistic Society says the findings significantly increase understanding of the condition.


The research, published in the journal Human Brain Mapping, pulls together 15 years of data on the way the autistic brain works.


Better at visual tasks


It suggests that the brains of autistic people are organised differently from those of other people; the area at the back of the brain, which processes visual information, is more highly developed.


That leaves less brain capacity in areas which deal with decision-making and planning.


Autistic brain
Areas where autistic brains are more active

That may be why people with autism can be better than others at carrying out some types of visual tasks.


For example, some are able to draw highly accurate and detailed images from memory.


However, they can find it difficult to interpret things like facial expressions.


The condition varies in severity, with some people functioning well, but others completely unable to take part in normal society.


The researchers believe their findings may lead towards new ways of helping people to live with the condition.


“For example, this may show a means to help people to literacy in a much more natural way than the usual methods of helping autistic people,” said Dr Laurent Mottron from the University of Montreal.


“The natural tendency is to think that autism is a form of disorganisation. Here, what we see is that it is a reorganisation of the brain,” he said.


Understanding autism


Autism experts regard the research findings as significant.


“This review highlights that autism should not only be seen as a condition with behavioural difficulties, but should also be associated with particular skill,” said Dr Christine Ecker from the Institute of Psychiatry at Kings College, London.


“It offers us unique insights into the way people with autism perceive their environment and helps us to understand some of their behaviour.”


She said it added to the understanding of autism. “Knowing the strengths and difficulties of someone with autism may help to better understand their needs and help them maximize their potential.”


Read in Full: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12937009